• Orthopaedical Trauma

    Treatment of any kind of serious as well as simple injury of the skeletal or muscular system caused by an external force. Orthopaedic Trauma refers to a serious injury of the muscular system or the skeletal system caused by an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. They might not always be life-threatening, but can be life-changing, which is why it’s crucial to seek medical attention right away.

  • Procedure of treatment for diagnosing and treating any problems of the joints of the body, most commonly affecting the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip and wrist. Arthroscopy mainly is used to diagnose and treat a variety of conditions like loose bone fragments, damaged or torn cartilage, scarring within joints to knee ligaments, meniscus tear, shoulder rotator cuff tear, frozen shoulder amongst others. Sports medicine is a branch of medicine which deals with physical fitness and the treatment as well as prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.

  • Orthopaedical surgery using a type of external fixation to lengthen and reshape limb bones; as a limb sparing technique to treat complex or open bone fractures. The ILIZAROV Surgery is a type of Orthopaedic surgery using a type of external apparatus called ILIZAROV Apparatus to lengthen and reshape limb bones; as a limb-sparing technique to treat complex or open bone structure; and in any cases of infected non- unions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques.

  • The reconstruction or replacement of a joint of either hip or knee with the help of surgery. Arthroplasty is an Orthopaedic surgicsl procedure in which the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, removed or re-aligned with the help of osteotomy or any other procedure It is an elective procedure that is conducted to provide relief from pain and restore functions of the joint for the patient after damage by arthritis or some other type of trauma.

  • Treatment of the joints, muscles and bones and any sort of issues related with them with the help of medicines of children ranging from infants to teenagers. Often parents ignore the orthpaedic issues of their children by simply suggesting them to be ‘growth of the body’, which if not diagnosed and treated at the correct time would cause problems later. The scope of Pediatric Orthopedics is quite broad, but some of the treatments offered by Pediatric Orthopaedics are:

    • Abnormalities in the growing process.
    • Scoliosis
    • Broken bones
    • Bone and Joint infections
    • Problems walking
    • Sports and Spinal issues
    • Nerve issues, etc.
  • Straightening a bone that is bent or twisted in a way that is not normal with the help of a surgery. Deformity Correction is a procedure to straighten a bone that is bent or twisted in a way that is not normal. After the bone is straightened, the arm, leg or foot has normal alignment and function. Usually this performed on legs, knees, ankles, arms and spine more than other bones. Deformities can be corrected in two different ways:

    • All at once during a surgical procedure which is called Acute Correction.
    • Slowly over the course of several weeks or months which is called Gradual Correction.

  • Usage of number of methods to prevent, reduce or stop pain sensations like meditations; physical methods such as ice and physical therapy; and psychological methods. Considering the different causes and types of pain, as well as its nature and intensity, management can require an interdisciplinary approach, and the elements of this approach includes treating the underlying cause of pain, with pharmacological (usage of medicines) and nonpharmacological therapies, like yoga, meditation, regular exercise and acupuncture amongst others, and some invasive or surgical procedures. Here, emphasis is given on nonpharmacological therapies more for pain management.

  • Cutting and reshaping of either the tibia(shinbone) or the femur(thighbone) to relieve pressure on the knee joint. Osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment and is sometimes performed to correct a hallux valgus, or to straighten a bone that has healed crookedly following a fracture. And Knee Osteotomy is used when a patient has a early-stage osteoarthritis that has damaged just one side of the knee joint. By shifting weight off of the damaged side of the joint, an osteotomy can relieve pain and significantly improve function in an arthritic knee.

  • Usage of ion channel blockers to relieve pains of neck and shoulder by allowing passages of electrical charge in and out of the cells present there. Ion channel antagonists are blockers that prevents the response ehich is normally provided by the opening of the channel. Ion channels permit the selective passage of ions through cell membranes by utilizing proteins that function as pores by allowing passages of electric charge in and out of the cells present in the pained area of body.

  • Surgery for correction of birth defect in which the foot is twisted out of shape or position. Clubfoot, also known as Congenital Talipes Equinovarus, is a complex, congenital deformity of the foot, that left untreated can limit a person’s mobility by making it difficult or painful to walk. It is defined as a deformity characterized by complex malalignment of the foot involving soft and bony structures in the hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot. And this can be treated with the help of a simple surgery named Clubfoot (CTEV) Correction.

  • Diagnosing, treating and preventing problems and conditions that occur in your hand, all the way to your wrist, forearm and shoulder. Hand Surgery deals with both surgical and non-surgical treatment of conditions and problems that can occur in the hand or upper extremity i.e., commonly from the tip of the hand to the shoulder, including injuries and infections of the musculoskeletal structure.

  • Surgeries done to treat a torn or otherwise damaged tendon is known as tendon repair. Tendons are tough, stretchy tissues that join muscles to bone who allows the body to move and transfer weight. People who may require tendon repair surgery include those with: • A deep cut that severs a tendon. • An injury from contact with sports. • A tear or injury due to Rheumatoid Arthritis. A surgical procedure that involves removing skin from one area of the body and moving or transplanting it to a different part of the body respectively is called Skin Grafting. Skin Grafting, a type of graft surgery, involves the transplantation of skin for treating extensive wounding or trauma, burns, areas of extensive skin loss due to infections like necrotizing facates or purpura fulminans, specific surgeries that may require skin grafts for healing to occur- most commonly removal of skin cancers.

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